Search Results - Materials

11 Results Sort By:
Cross-linked anion exchange membrane
Project ID: D2018-55Background Increasing population drives increasing energy demand. Fuel cells and electrochemical devices are under investigation for use as an energy supply. However, the devices may not being reaching their commercialization potential; Proton Exchange Membranes (PEMs) are limited by the use of platinum catalysts, fuel crossover...
Altering shear thickening in fumed silica suspensions using nanoparticles
Project ID: D2018-58Background Silicon chips can contain over one billion transistors in one square centimeter of surface area. In order to interconnect such a large number of electrical elements, materials must be planarized with nanometer-scale precision while leaving the exposed surface free of defects, such as scratches, gouges, or pits. Chem...
Ocular Ultrasound Training Simulator (OUTS)
Project ID: D2018-28Background The use of ocular ultrasound on emergency patients has recently been adopted by emergency physicians to evaluate for ocular pathology and emergencies. Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) has been found to be highly accurate in diagnosing and evaluating for ocular pathology in patients presenting in emergency department...
Tin whisker growth mitigation by using nickel oxide sublayers
Project ID: D2018-36Background Metal whiskering is a problem with electrical devices in which the metal, such as tin, suffer from compressive stress or high work functions and grow hair-like structure that extend from the metal. This causes circuit shorts and electrical failures. Current solutions require the use of lead or conformal coatings to m...
Inexpensive, Earth-Abundant, and Tunable Hole Transport Material for CdTe Solar Cells
Project ID: D2017-08Background Photovoltaic (PV) cells have been produced with a wide variety of materials for each functional layer. The typical PV is a substrate layer coated with a semiconductor layer and two ohmic contacts. Thin film solar cells use a thin absorbing layer, such as Cadmium telluride (CdTe). CdTe is the most eco-friendly, high e...
Iron Pyrite Nanocrystal Back Contact for CdTe Solar Cells
Project ID: D2014-32 Background Photovoltaic (PV) cells have been produced with a wide variety of materials for each functional layer. The typical PV is a substrate layer coated with a semiconductor layer and two ohmic contacts. Thin film solar cells use a thin absorbing layer, such as Cadmium telluride (CdTe). CdTe is the most eco-friendly, high ...
Two-step method for production of multiple biofuels and products from Non-Lignocellosic Biomass
Project ID: D2015-31Background Biomass of non-lignocellulosic origin is typically composed of one or more of three components – protein, starch and oils (such as triacylglycerides or other lipids). One of the concerns with thermochemical processing of protein-containing biomass is contamination of bio-oil with nitrogen-containing compounds (s...
A Novel Process to Coat Implant Surfaces with Bi-Functional Bioactive Antibacterial Coatings
Project ID: D2017-07Background In the orthopedic field, there is a need for improved capabilities for creating strong osseointegration at bone-implant interfaces and treating bacterial infections. Implant-related infections occur in 0.75% in hip implants and 1.5% in knee implants resulting in reduced lifespan and increased failure rate of prosthes...
Functionally graded graphene transient electronics
Project ID: D2018-22Background It is estimated that electronics account for 42 million tons of waste per year worldwide. As a result, electronic manufacturers have become interested in transient electronics. They contain environmentally benign components that can be degraded over time in a natural environment. Transient electronics can be used to ...
Carbon Dioxide as a Directing Group for C-H Functionalization Reactions
Project ID: D2018-03Background The development of new strategies for elaboration of amines via C–H functionalization has been an important area of research over the last decade. Compounds made by this method are useful in a variety of industries, including the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industries. Numerous directing groups have been u...
1 2