Fluorescent labeling and B cell phenotyping of PPS specific B cells

Description:

Project ID: D2011-08

 

Description:

The phenotype of B cells responsible for the production of anti-pneumococcal polysaccharide antibody has been unclear. Although individuals that respond poorly to the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS) vaccine, Pneumovax, are profoundly deficient or lack IgM memory cells (CD27+IgM+), they are also deficient in the switched memory (CD27+IgM2) compartment. Direct characterization of PPSspecific B cells has never been performed.

To identify pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS) specific B cells, researchers at The University of Toledo labeled PPS14 and PPS with fluorescent markers. Fluorescently labeled PPS were used in FACSAria flow cytometry to characterize the phenotype of PPS-specific B cells obtained from 18 young adults pre- and postimmunization with Pneumovax. The labeled PPS were capable of inhibiting binding of Ab to the native PPS. Similarly, the native PPS were able to inhibit binding of PPS-specific B cells in a flow cytometric assay demonstrating specificity and functionality. This technology allows to identify the phenotype of PPS-specific B cells, which has been problematic in the past. This technology can also be applied to other bacterial, parasitic, fungal and cellular carbohydrates.

References:

Khaskhely, N; Mosakowski, J; Thompson, RS; Khuder, S; Smithson, SL; Westerink, MA. Phenotypic analysis of pneumococcal polysaccharide-specific B cells. J Immunol. 2012; 188(5):2455-63

Patent Information:
Category(s):
Research Tools
For Information, Contact:
Stephen Snider
AVP Tech Transfer
The University of Toledo
419 530 6225
Stephen.Snider@utoledo.edu
Inventors:
Maria Anna Westerink
Keywords:
B lymphocyte
Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS)
Pneumovax
Streptococcus pneumonia