Search Results - Oncology

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Novel Ferroptosis Inducers To Treat Cancer
Project ID: D2022-15 Background ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic cell death mechanism impelled by unrestrained accumulation of iron-dependent cellular reactive oxygen (ROS) species leading to membrane lipid peroxidation resulting from intra-cellular antioxidant depletion. Clinical application of ferroptosis agents/drugs has been elusive due to off-target...
Ferroptosis-HDAC Inhibitor Hybrids for treating cancer
Project ID: D2022-16 Background Many cancer treatments target cells and induce apoptosis, a cell death mechanism. Due to genetic instability, tumors become more heterogeneous leading to cells that avert molecular signatures that are targeted by the cancer drugs. Drug resistance remains a major impediment to the success of a cancer treatment. Combinatorial...
Compounds for non-lethal micropinocytosis and exosome production
Project ID: D2017-25 Background Exosomes are vesicles in the range of 30 to 120nm, which are released from mammalian cells when multi-vesicular endosomes fuse with the plasma membrane. In recent times, exosomes have been implicated in cancer. Mounting evidence suggests that exosomes play an important role in mediating intercellular communication...
Compounds for disrupting microtubule networks and mitosis in brain cancer
Project ID: D2014-42 Background Primary brain tumors and secondary intracranial tumors from metastatic spread of other cancers (e.g., melanoma, lung carcinoma) have been inaccessible to therapy with microtubule-targeted agents (vincristine, vinblastine, paclitaxel) because the latter do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier. Invention...
Smart Exosomes Enable Active Pdac Targeting and Evading Mononuclear Phagocycotic System
Project ID: D2021-13 Background: Patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), an aggressive type of cancer, have a 5-year survival rate of 9%, the lowest of any cancer in the US. Therapies for pancreatic cancer are largely hindered by the lack of an effective delivery system. Exosomes are emerging as promising nanocarriers for genes...
Methods of Treating Cancer and Ischemia Diseases by Inhibition and Intervention of ATR Prolyl Isomerization
Project ID: D2021-42 Background: Cell death and immortality are closely associated with cancer and cancer therapeutics, as oncogenesis requires a compromise of apoptosis while most cancer therapies depend on apoptopsis. Precise regulation of programmed cell death (apoptosis) is essential for cellular and organ homeostasis. Hyperactive apoptosis is...
Three-way urology catheter stopcock
Project ID: D2021-28 Background The United States Pharmacopeial Convention has published the standard, USP 800, for handling hazardous drugs in healthcare settings. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has recommended that caregivers use an effective Closed System Transfer Device (CSTD) in order to minimize exposure to...
Stratifying the risk of malignancy in indeterminate thyroid nodules
Project ID D2019-45 Background Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer globally, and accounts for 3.4% of all new cancer cases in the US. Although several clinical guidelines to detect/manage thyroid nodules are available, a great deal of controversy still exists around the optimal approach for diagnosis. Approximately 20-30% of cytology...
Targeting mDia formins to halt tumor microtube formation, invasion, and proliferation in brain tumors
Project ID D2019-34 Background Tumor therapies must overcome complex obstacles, such as cellular invasion, chemoresistance, and radioresistance. Cells within a brain tumor often form specialized ultralong cellular projections called tumor microtube (TM) projections that allow them to invade new areas of the brain. The networks formed by TMs interconnect...
Cancer Therapy via Simultaneous Non-apoptotic Cell Death Mechanisms
Project ID: D2018-15 Background Most of current cancer therapy employs drugs that act through apoptotic signaling pathways. However, cancer cells often acquire mutations that can diminish apoptosis and lead to chemo-resistance when coupled with increased capacity for drug efflux and DNA repair. This results in chemotherapeutic failure especially...
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