Search Results - Environmental

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Pyrrole-Based Composites for Metal Extraction and Analysis
Project ID#: D2018-57Invention DescriptionThe researchers at the University of Toledo have developed a chelating polypyrrole powder that can be used for filtration by directly mixing with samples and passing the sample through a filter. Desorption is then accomplished by simply dropping the pH. Applications• Selective microextraction de...
Cross-linked anion exchange membrane
Project ID: D2018-55Background Increasing population drives increasing energy demand. Fuel cells and electrochemical devices are under investigation for use as an energy supply. However, the devices may not being reaching their commercialization potential; Proton Exchange Membranes (PEMs) are limited by the use of platinum catalysts, fuel crossover...
Removal and degradation of microcystins from drinking water using biofilters
Project ID: D2018-52Background Harmful algal blooms (HABs) release microcystin (MC) toxins that can end up in drinking water, causing a range of illnesses, including liver cancer. Currently, water treatment facilities remove or degrade MC using chlorination, ozonation, activated carbon adsorption, and/or floculation. However, those techniques are ...
Pyrrole-Based Extraction Materials for Microcystin Separation and Analysis
Project ID: D2018-20Background When water conditions are favorable for cyanobacteria growth, harmful algae blooms (HAB) can result, causing elevated levels of toxins called microcystins (MCs). There are over 140 microcystin variants. The EPA suggests that MC-LR variant concentration in drinking water should be less than 0.3 ug/L. Trace levels of M...
High yield production of fuels and petro- or oleo-chemical precursors from vegetables oils/liquid feedstocks in a continuous-flow pyrolysis reactor
Project ID: D2016-39Background Pyrolysis of oil seeds and microalgae has the potential to displace petroleum-derived fuels. Current methods require batch processing which produces low yield of liquid products, contamination from secondary reactions, and causes buildup inside the reactor. Therefore, there is a need to improve the efficiency of pyro...
Two-step method for production of multiple biofuels and products from Non-Lignocellosic Biomass
Project ID: D2015-31Background Biomass of non-lignocellulosic origin is typically composed of one or more of three components – protein, starch and oils (such as triacylglycerides or other lipids). One of the concerns with thermochemical processing of protein-containing biomass is contamination of bio-oil with nitrogen-containing compounds (s...
Functionally graded graphene transient electronics
Project ID: D2018-22Background It is estimated that electronics account for 42 million tons of waste per year worldwide. As a result, electronic manufacturers have become interested in transient electronics. They contain environmentally benign components that can be degraded over time in a natural environment. Transient electronics can be used to ...
One Step Liquid To Metal High Surface Area Platinum Catalyst Via Low Temperature Reduction
Project ID: D2017-51Background Catalytic converters reduce and transform exhaust emissions to prevent air pollution from vehicles. A ceramic honeycomb structure was designed to maximize the surface area through which vehicle exhaust passes. The increased surface area makes the catalytic converter more effective due to the additional space made ava...
Cost- and Energy-Efficient Device for De-watering Microalgae Using Stimuli-Sensitive Hydrogels
Project ID: D2016-01IP Status: US Patent 10,077,422Invention Description: Currently, a major hurdle for commercial-scale production of fuels and other products from microalgae is recovering algal biomass from growth media with minimal cost and energy input. When cultivated in open raceway ponds, microalgae concentrations are very low – typica...
Amine-terminated Aptamer Functionalized SPR Sensor
Project ID: D2012-07 IP Status: Provisional Application Invention novelty and description: This novel invention describes sensors for target entities having at least one amine-terminated aptamer specific to the target entity. Aptamers are artificial oligonucleotides which can serve as antibody mimics because of their high affinity and selectivity ...
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